Chronically Homeless And The Frequent User Fallacy

When the government first introduced the “Housing First” model for dealing with homelessness, it included a brand new definition for a type of homeless person, the “Chronically Homeless”.  The basic idea was that by putting the chronically homeless into housing first programs, it would save communities a good deal of resources and money, which could then be used to help other homeless people.  This concept assumes that Chronically Homeless people are frequent users of community resources.  They are the homeless who are often arrested by the police, visit the hospital ER more than most people, etc.  (Being that they are homeless, they have no way of paying for those services so the community has to eat the costs.)

The problem is that many Chronically Homeless people are not “frequent users” of community resources.   Yes, those homeless people who do use an excessive amount of community services are undoubtedly chronically homeless.   But, the assumption that being chronically homeless equates to frequent user is a non sequitur.   The logic does not follow.

When a community considers which homeless people to put into their Housing First program, they aren’t really looking for Chronically Homeless people, but are looking for the frequent users.   Because of this many Chronically Homeless people do not get the help they need to get off the streets.

So, be wary of a community that claims they are ending, or have ended, chronic homelessness.  Most likely they haven’t gotten to everyone.


About Kevin Barbieux

I have been diagnosed as being chronically homeless. I write about my experiences and opinions of being homeless


  1. As it stands right now, with very limited resources, only the worst of the worst cases of chronic homeless are being helped anyway – they just start at the top, or bottom of the list, if you prefer, and work their way through it – one person at a time.


  2. Anonymous

    Kevin; I think that one of the problems is that is it hard to tell the difference between the chronically homeless, the temporarily homeless, & the stupidly homeless. In the latter case, I am referring to those who, due to drugs & alcohol, trouble with the law, gross financial irresponsibility, are now on the streets. I'm sure you've seen plenty of those types.


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